The term Eczema or Dermatitis is used to refer to a wide range of conditions in which the skin becomes inflamed. Although more commonly used to denote Atopic Dermatitis (a specific form of eczema), it is also used for referring to contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, dyshidrotic eczema, nummular eczema, neurodermatitis, and stasis dermatitis, among others. Typical symptoms, if you have any of the above persistent skin conditions, include one or more of the following:
Atopic dermatitis, the most common form of eczema, usually appears first in infancy or childhood. It most often affects the skin of the face, hands, feet, wrists, inner elbows and back of the knees. Most people with atopic dermatitis have a family history of eczema, asthma or hay fever, or may already be having asthma or hay fever. The symptoms may be worsened by certain food or allergy triggers, including dust mites. Although there is no cure for this skin condition, it can be effectively managed by using moisturizers, steroid creams, immune system modulators, antibiotics and ultraviolet light treatment.
Another common eczematous condition is contact dermatitis,which is essentially due to an allergen or irritant damaging the skin on contact and causing a reaction. There are two types - irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis. Irritant dermatitis results for a single or repeated contact with an irritant such as detergent, shampoo, dish-washing liquids or bars, soap, house cleaners containing chlorine, among others. Allergic dermatitis is a delayed reaction to an allergen such as nickel, poison ivy or other allergic substances after touching them. Treatment for both types involves taking either local application or oral steroids and avoiding future contact with the substance.
Seborrheic dermatitis is related to dandruff and is thought to be due to overgrowth of a type of yeast that is found on the scalp, eyebrows, behind the ears, sides of the nose, groin area and the centre of the chest. In infants, it is restricted to the scalp and causes excessive shedding of the skin cells in the form of flakes.
Since treatment may differ depending on the type of eczematous condition, a major hassle for the affected individuals is getting it diagnosed with accuracy and speed. Travelling to the doctor’s clinic and the diagnostic lab, as well as the long waiting can be frustrating. You can avoid all these, by choosing to consult with dermatologists on the Eclinic247 online platform via voice or video consults. You can upload photos of the rash for the doctor to view on the app. Post consultation, you can order eczema creams and other medication prescribed, to be delivered at your doorstep. The app also enables you to book and undergo lab tests at your home.